Usually, whenever we borrow, loan or invest money, we often also have to pay interest on it. The interest that is earned on solely the original amount of money being used is called simple interest.
To calculate the amount of simple interest, we have to consider the original amount of money, called principal (present value), the time (period over which the money is being used), and the (simple) interest rate. Taking these factors into account, we can use the following formula to calculate simple interest:
\(I=Prt\),
where:
Tips:
The previous formula only calculates the total simple interest earned, but we can also determine the total amount of money accumulated, often called maturity/future value using this formula:
\(S=P+I\)
We can use the first formula introduced, \(I=Prt\), and substitute it into this one, which gives us the formula:
\(S=P+Prt=P(1+rt)\),
and rearranging this formula to solve for P gives us:
\(P=\frac{S}{(1+rt)}\)
The following examples will demonstrate how we can use the formulas introduced in the previous section.
Solution:
Since we want to determine the final amount due, we use the formula: \(S=P(1+rt)\)
Next, we can identify the information given in the problem:
\(P=1200,\ r=\frac{7.5}{100}=0.075,\ t=\frac{40}{52}=\frac{10}{13}\)
*Note: The \(t\) value is calculated as \(\frac{40}{52}\) since the given interest rate is the annual/yearly rate, but we we're given the time in weeks. So to convert from weeks to years, we divide by \(52\) (the number of weeks in a year).
Now that we have the appropriate values for the principal, interest rate, and time, we can substitute them into the formula and evaluate the final amount due:
\(S=1200(1+0.075(\frac{10}{13}))=1269.23\)
So, the amount due is \($1269.23\).
Solution:
First, we can identify the information that is given in the problem:
\(P=500,\ t=\frac{15}{365},\ S=500+13=513\)
*Note: The \(t\) value is calculated as \(\frac{15}{365}\) since the interest rate we want to find is the annual rate, but we we're given the time in days. So to convert from days to years, we divide by \(365\) (the number of days in a year).
Since we want to determine the annual rate of simple interest, \(r\), and we're given \(P\), \(t\), and \(S\), we use the formula: \(S=P(1+rt)\) and rearrange it to find \(r\):
\(513=500(1+r(\frac{15}{365}))\)
\(\frac{513}{500}=1+r(\frac{15}{365})\)
\(\frac{513}{500}-1=r(\frac{15}{365})\)
\(\frac{\frac{513}{500}-1}{\frac{15}{365}}=r\)
\(r=0.6327\)
So, Jamie earned \(63.27\)% per annum.
Tip: This example demonstrates that we can rearrange the general formula \(S=P(1+rt)\) into \(r=\frac{\frac{S}{P}-1}{t}=\frac{S-P}{Pt}\), then use this rearranged formula to solve for \(r\).
Solution:
See the below video for the solution.