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Math help from the Learning Centre

This guide provides useful resources for a wide variety of math topics. It is targeted at students enrolled in a math course or any other Centennial course that requires math knowledge and skills.

Differences between Trade and Cash Discounts


Trade Discount

Cash Discount


A discount on list price mostly offered to wholesale customers who purchase goods in bulk

An early payment discount offered on billed/invoice price


To encourage bulk purchases

To encourage prompt/early payments

Offered on

The list price of goods sold

The invoice price of goods sold

Offered by

Producers/manufacturers and whole sellers who wish to sell in large or bulk quantities to boost their profit

Any seller who wishes to convert his/her accounts receivables into cash quickly or before the due date

Received by

Mostly resellers who are in a position to make purchases in large quantities 

Any buyer who is in a position to make an early payment


Available at the time of purchase or sale

Available at the time of payment or collection of cash


Not recorded in formal books of accounts

Recorded in formal accounting records by both seller and buyer

Dependent on

Depends on quantity purchased

Depends on how early cash is paid for goods bought


Percentage of discount offered is usually higher than cash discount (normally between 5 to 20 percent)

Percentage of discount offered is usually lower than trade discount (normally between 1 to 2 percent)


Net and List Price involving a single discount

The net price (N) is the price of the product after the discount is removed from the list price. It is a dollar amount representing what price remains after you have applied the discount.

The list price (L) is the normal or regular dollar price of the product before any discounts. 

The discount rate (d) represents the percentage of the list price that is deducted.


D is the amount of discount.




Mary is shopping at the mall where she see a sign that reads, "Everything in the store is 30% off, including sale items!" If the blouse is normally priced at $69.46, what price should Mary pay for it?

See the video below for the solution.

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Designed by Matthew Cheung. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
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