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APA Style

Your guide to citing and referencing in APA Style (7th edition)

Web Page with a Corporate Author


Corporate Author or Organization. (Year, Month Date). Title of web page in italics: Capitalize first word in title and subtitle. Hyperlinked URL

When the Corporate Author or Organization and the name of the website are different, add the website name before the URL.

World Health Organization. (2018, February 1). Climate change and health.

In-text Citation

(Corporate Author name, Year, para. #).

(World Health Organization, 2018, para. 5).

Web Page with No Author

It is rare that a web page will not have either a personal or a corporate author or sponsoring organization. Consider the reliability of any sources without an author or sponsoring organization.

Use the page title in place of the author name. For your in-text citation, it is acceptable to use a shortened version of the title.


Title of article. (Year, Month Date). Website name. Hyperlinked URL

30 exceptional CSR blogs. (n.d.). Market Inspector.

In-text Citation

(Title of article, Year, para. #).

(30 exceptional CSR blogs, n.d., para. 5).

Wikipedia Entry

The content of wikis changes over time. It is recommended that you:

  • link to the archived version of the page, rather than the current version of the page on the site, since the latter can change over time.
  • Access the archived version by clicking "View History," then clicking the date/timestamp of the version you'd like to cite.
  • Use the date information from the time stamp for your citation


Title of article. (Year, Month Date of the page published). In Wikipedia. Hyperlinked URL of archived version of page

Shawn Carpenter. (2020, February 10). In Wikipedia. Retrieved May 1, 2020 from

In-text Citation

("Title of entry in quotation marks", 2020, para. #).

("Shawn Carpenter", 2020, para. 2).

Blog Post


Author Last Name, Author initials or username if no name given. (Year, Month Day). Title of blog post. Publisher. Hyperlinked URL

Lee, C. (2020, March 13). New reference examples on the APA style website. APA Style Blog.

In-text Citation

(Author Last Name or username, Year, para. #).

(Lee, 2020, para. 3).

Video: Citing Websites

About Web Page Publication Dates

Look at the top and bottom of the web page for a publication date. You are looking for a date that applies to the content you are citing.

Beware of the copyright or last updated date in the footer of the web page. This is often a site-wide footer, and not related to the publication date of the page.

If no date is clear on the web page, enter (n.d.) in place of the publication year.

Shortened DOIs and URLs

APA style suggests that you use shortened URLs or DOIs if they are long or complex. Any shortened URL or DOI is acceptable as long as the link takes you to the correct location! Below are some websites that allow you to shorten a DOI or URL.

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