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APA Style

Your guide to citing and referencing in APA Style (7th edition)



Author of AI model. (Year of AI model used). Title of AI model used (Version of AI model used) [Type of AI model used]. Link to AI model.

OpenAI. (2023). ChatGPT (May 20 version) [Large language model].

In-text Citation

(Author of AI model, Year).

(OpenAI, 2023).


For the version statement, include the date (as this is how OpenAI is labelling the versions).

ChatGPT is a large language model, and it should be included in square brackets as the descriptor.

ChatGPT-4 is described as a "large multimodal model" -- include this text in the square brackets if this version is being used.

APA suggests including the exact ChatGPT text cited as an Appendix in your paper, as ChatGPT will create a different response for every chat session.

For more information on citing ChatGPT in APA style, please visit the APA Style Blog

AI Generated Images


Author(s) or Developer(s) (Year). Model name (Version of model, if applicable) [Type of AI used]. Link to AI model.

Perchance. (2023). AI Image Generator [AI image creator].

In Your Paper

Figure 1

Example of an AI generated image

Note. Image generated using the prompt "Fall trees" by Perchance, AI Image Generator, 2023 (

Refer to your image in the text of your paper using the figure number. For example:

  • As shown in Figure 2
  • As depicted in the image (see Figure 2).
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