Personal Communication with Indigenous Elders and Knowledge Keepers
Currently, the APA Manual, 7th edition, does not have a format to acknowledge personal communication with Indigenous Elders and Knowledge Keepers as a reference. We are following the template created by Lorisia MacLeod and NorQuest College Indigenous Student Centre staff.
The following example should only be used for oral communications with Indigenous Elders and Knowledge Keepers. For any other written forms of communication, please follow the examples for resource you are citing (book, website, etc.)
Make sure to reproduce the information with permission.
Last name, First initial., Nation/Community. Treaty Territory if applicable. Where they live if applicable. Topic/subject of communication if applicable. Personal communication. Month Date, Year.
Adam, A., Athabasca Fort Chipewyan First Nation. Treaty 8. Lives in Fort Chipewyan, Alberta. Oral teaching. Personal communication. April 27, 2020.
(Last Name of Indigenous Elder/Knowledge Keeper, Year).