Welcome to Centennial's MLA (Modern Language Association) Style Library Guide!
The examples in this guide are based on the MLA Handbook, 9th edition.
The following principles for inclusive language are from Chapter 3 of the MLA Handbook, 9th edition:
MLA Style by Centennial College Libraries is licensed under a CC-BY-NC-SA 4.0 license unless otherwise stated.
How you specify a source's location depends on the format of the source.
A range of page numbers preceded by pp. specifies the location of a chapter, section or article in a book or journal.
A web address or URL indicates the location of an online source.
When possible, include a DOI number instead of a URL for online sources.
For eBooks and articles from library databases, include the database or platform name in italics.
Citations are part of your sentence structure, and closing punctuation follows the citation.
When a quote appears in the middle of a sentence, follow the quote with the in-text citation, then complete your sentence immediately following the citation.
Citations at the end of a sentence
When a quote appears at the end of your sentence, close the quote with double quotation marks and follow immediately with the in-text citation. Follow the citation with the closing punctuation for the sentence.
Write the date as it is presented on your source in the format Day Month Year, Time. Use as much information as is available and relevant to the retrieval of the source.
For example, year of publication is sufficient for books, while Day Month and Year is required for daily newspapers.
Months longer than 4 letters should be abbreviated.