When you write what you read in your own words.
Is when you take a passage from a source and write it in your own words. You must provide credit to the original source and cite it. Keep in mind that "paraphrased material is usually shorter than the original passage, taking a somewhat broader segment of the source and condensing it slightly." (Purdue OWL, 2013)
Sipher, R. (1977, December 19). So That Nobody Has to Go to School If They Don't Want To. The New York Times, p. 31.
"Schools should be for education. At present, they are only tangentially so. They have attempted to serve an all-encompassing social function, trying to be all things to all people. In the process they have failed miserably at what they were originally formed to accomplish."
Roger Sipher concludes his essay by insisting that schools have failed to fulfill their primary duty of education because they try to fill multiple social functions (para. 17).