CONTENT WARNING: Please be advised that this guide contains references to sensitive material, including violence, sexual assault, and abuse. Students can access 24 hour support from the Good2Talk Helpline at 1-866-925-5454. Support for staff is available through the Employee Family Assistance Program. Indian Residential School survivors and family may also wish to contact The Indian Residential Schools Crisis Line at 1-800-721-0066, available 24-hours a day for anyone experiencing pain or distress as a result of their Residential school experience.
The National Day for Truth & Reconciliation is the result of decades of work by several groups, including the Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples (1991-1996), the Working Group on Truth and Reconciliation, and the Exploratory Dialogues (1998-1999) (click here to read about the origins of the TRCC). The work of these groups culminated in the Indian Residential Schools Settlement Agreement, the largest class-action settlement in Canadian history. As per Crown-Indigenous Relations and Northern Affairs Canada, "one of the elements of the agreement was the establishment of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada to facilitate reconciliation among former students, their families, their communities and all Canadians."
One of the TRCC's 94 Calls to Action (#80), was a call to establish a statutory holiday "to honour Survivors, their families, and communities, and ensure that public commemoration of the history and legacy of residential schools remains a vital component of the reconciliation process". In the summer of 2021, the National Day for Truth and Reconciliation was officially established by the federal government.
Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada: Calls to Action
In order to redress the legacy of residential schools and advance the process of Canadian reconciliation, the Truth and Reconciliation Commission made the 94 calls to action.
The Maamwi Hub is inspired by the TRC 94 Calls to Action to ensure that the 24 Colleges of Ontario lead in the education of staff and students on the diverse Indigenous histories, cultures, and current Indigenous worldviews. The word "Maamwi" means "together" in Anishinaabemowin, one of the many spoken Indigenous languages in the territory currently referred to as Ontario.
The Indigenous Studies Portal (iPortal) is a database of full-text electronic resources such as books, articles, theses and documents as well as digitized materials such as photographs, archival resources, maps, etc. focusing primarily on First Nations, Métis and Inuit in Canada with a secondary focus on Indigenous people of Turtle Island and beyond.
Indigenous Canada, a Massive Open Online Course (MOOC) by the University of Alberta
The University of Alberta's Indigenous Canada MOOC explores Indigenous histories and contemporary issues in Canada. From an Indigenous perspective, this course explores key issues facing Indigenous peoples today from a historical and critical perspective highlighting national and local Indigenous-settler relations. Indigenous Canada is for students from faculties outside the Faculty of Native Studies with an interest in acquiring a basic familiarity with Aboriginal/non-Aboriginal relationships